Proper sizing of an air conditioning unit is essential to ensure optimal performance, efficiency, and longevity of the system. Here are some steps to guide you through the process of sizing an AC unit.
Calculate the area of the room: The first step is to measure the length and width of the room in feet, and multiply the two values to get the square footage. For example, a room that is 12 feet long and 10 feet wide has an area of 120 square feet.
Determine the cooling capacity needed: The next step is to determine the cooling capacity needed to cool the room effectively. This is measured in British Thermal Units (BTUs) per hour. The general rule of thumb is to use between 15 and 20 BTUs per square foot of the room. For example, a room of 120 square feet would require a cooling capacity of 1800 to 2400 BTUs. Consider other factors:
Other factors that can impact the cooling capacity needed include the climate of the area, the level of insulation in the room, the number of windows, and the number of people who will be using the room.
Choose the right AC unit: Once the cooling capacity needed has been determined, you can choose an AC unit that meets that need. It's important to note that selecting an AC unit that is too small will result in inadequate cooling, while selecting an AC unit that is too large will result in unnecessary energy costs and high humidity.
Consult a professional: If you are unsure about the proper sizing of your AC unit, you should book a consultation with a Klimtech. We can provide guidance and perform a proper load calculation for your home. Here's the formula you can use to calculate the recommended cooling capacity for a room based on its size:
Cooling Capacity (BTUs/hour) = Room Size (square feet) x Desired Range of BTUs per square foot
Where the Desired Range of BTUs per square foot can be between 15 and 20. For example, if a room is 1000 square feet, and the desired range of BTUs per square foot is 15 to 20, the recommended cooling capacity range would be:
Minimum Cooling Capacity = 1000 sq. ft. x 15 BTUs/sq. ft. = 15 000 BTUs/hour
Maximum Cooling Capacity = 1000 sq. ft. x 20 BTUs/sq. ft. = 20 000 BTUs/hour
So in this case, you can choose an AC unit with a cooling capacity between 15 000 and 20 000 BTUs per hour. Other factors may affect the cooling needs of the room. Also, keep in mind that this is a general formula, and it's always best to consult with a professional to ensure the proper sizing of the AC unit for their specific needs.
Email us below any capacity questions you might have or to book a load calculation of your home.